Astrology ("word" or "speech" lit. to talk about the stars) is a group of systems, traditions, and beliefs in which knowledge of the relative positions of celestial bodies and related details is held to be useful in understanding, interpreting, and organizing information about personality, human affairs, and other terrestrial matters. A practitioner of astrology is called an astrologer, or an astrologist. Numerous traditions and applications employing astrological concepts have arisen since its earliest recorded beginnings in the 2nd millennium BCE. It has played a role in the shaping of culture, early astronomy, and other disciplines throughout history.
Historically, astrology and astronomy were often indistinguishable, with the desire for predictive and divinatory knowledge one of the primary motivating factors for astronomical observation. Astronomy began to diverge from astrology after a long period of gradual separation in the 18th century, and has since distinguished itself as the scientific study of astronomical objects and phenomena, placing no significance on these phenomena's supposed astrological correlation.
Proponents have defined astrology variously, as a symbolic language,an art form,a science,and a method of divination. The scientific community generally considers astrology as a pseudoscience or superstition.While there is no scientific evidence behind the principles of astrology, belief in astrology is widespread.
To understand astrology well, it is necessary to know it from the very roots. It arose in ancient Babylon around 1000 BC, although some historians claim that it was created by ancient Sumerians whole millennium earlier. The prerequisite for the existence of big cities was a well-developed agriculture, and that implied the existence of a precise calendar so that the fieldwork could be in agreement with the seasons. The composition of a precise calendar wasn't possible without extensive knowledge in mathematics and astronomy, and priests were often the keepers of such lore.
As first astronomers were priests, it is but natural why the planets got their names by the Babylon gods of the time. We still use those names, or to be more precise, their Roman interpretations (Mars for Nergal, Venus for Ishtar, Jupiter for Marduk and so on).
This brings us to the first paradox which is a component of astrology: Although the planets were named in the random order they were discovered in, meaning and importance of a planets name is closely connected to the role of the god it was named after. For instance: Nergal (Mars) is the god of war, and the summers that started with a brighter glow of this planet were interpreted as excellent times for war campaigns, or springs in which the glow of Ishtar (Venus, the goddess of love) was intensified would become predetermined for weddings.
Just like planets, stars would give people born in a certain zodiac attributes according to the name of the constellation they reside in. In Babylon the name of the signs that represented constellations shifted between 6 and 18 but finally settled on 12 at about 600 BC. Soon the first horoscopes appeared. The oldest one dates back to 29th of April 410 BC. The division of zodiac to 12 signs isn't valid in the whole world even today. Chinese and Indian horoscopes have 28, and some totemic cultures (in America) have 20 signs. Nevertheless all of these horoscopes share a rule that people get attributes according to the name of the sign they were born in.
Greeks encountered astrology after conquering Babylon in 4th century B.C., and the Romans got this knowledge from them, while northern Europe acquired it from the Romans. Sometime about the 17th century the quick development of science caused astrology to be banned from European universities, and so we come to the second large paradox: Its "golden age" astrology doesn't live through in the highly religious Middle ages, what's more it starts in 1930 when the British astrologer R. H. Naylor became the publisher of a magazine fun section and introduced a new column: horoscope! It was a public bang to read about your destiny so astrology experts started popping up like mushrooms. Today, for example, 98% Europeans know their star sign, and only 34% know their blood type.
Types of Astrology
Besides the most popular, natal, there are a few other types of astrology that are based on similar methods. Those are:
Astronomy and Astrology
- Astro-Meteorology is predicting the weather, as well as some natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes or volcanic eruptions.
- Agricultural Astrology is the oldest branch. It was used to predict the best time to start the field work.
- Medical Astrology predicts potential health problems, and sets therapy for them.
- Esoteric Astrology is astrology of the soul. It uses natal charts to find out things about the spiritual conscience and spiritual development of a person.
- Horary Astrology finds an answer to any question according to the place and time the question was asked at (it is interesting how a question can't be asked twice, because then the answer is invalid!).
- Electional Astrology is a sub-class of horary astrology and it determines what time is best fitting to start some project, marriage, war and similar.
- Mundane Astrology makes horoscopes on the count when some country was "born", so it could predict national happenings and see their outcomes.
- Astro-Economics implements astrological principals to find answers to questions interesting to the financial world.
- Synastry is a special branch of astrology that is comparing natal charts to find relations amongst people.
- Psychological Astrology uses its symbolic language to evaluate personality elements.
On the mention of the stars, sky or planets, many people will run into a conversation about astrology, but wouldn't be so eager to discuss astronomy. To make the matter more confusing, again many will say that the discussion IS about astronomy.
- Astronomy is a science that researches positions, movements, structure and evolution of celestial objects, and it doesn't have anything to do whatsoever with human properties. On the other hand, astrology, regardless of the claims some astrologers make, isn't a science because it doesn't use scientific methods in it. First of all, it doesn't use the basic rule that a scientific hypothesis has to be proven first, before declared valid.
- Secondly, astrology shouldn't be rid of all credit. Astronomy did arise because of it. Around four centuries ago, astrology divided into astronomy as a science, and astrology as an art. Furthermore, astronomers could, hidden behind astrology, do all the scientific research they wanted.
- The third big mistake would be if we judged astrology only on the account of the horoscopes we find in newspapers. They represent only a small part of what is considered astrology. Those are the Sun signs, and the more serious astrologers will point out right away that the thing is more complex than dividing people into 12 distinctive categories. First, the horoscope is made with an assumption that a person was born right in the middle of the period its sign is valid in, and rest of the parameters are put aside (like the positions of the Moon and the eight planets: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto compared to the positions of constellations on the moment (not just the day) of birth). The geographical location where the person is born should be considered too, and it influences the positions of the 12 "houses" that enter the calculation. There is then the North and the South Pole of the Moon, asteroids, and some other objects. Angle distances (aspects) of the planets are in the combination too. All of this concludes that one should have a modest knowledge of astronomy (or a computer with an appropriate program) in order to calculate all of this correctly.
In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, the astrological aspects, and sensitive angles at the time of an event, such as the moment of a person's birth. The word horoscope is derived from Greek words meaning "a look at the hours" (horoskopos, pl. horoskopoi, or "marker(s) of the hour.") Other commonly used names for the horoscope in English include astrological chart, astro-chart, celestial map, sky-map, star-chart, cosmogram, vitasphere, radical chart, radix, chart wheel, or simply chart. It is used as a method of divination regarding events relating to the point in time it represents and forms the basis of the horoscopic traditions of astrology.
In common usage, horoscope often refers to an astrologer's interpretation, usually through a system of Sun sign astrology. In particular, many newspapers and magazines carry predictive columns based on celestial influences in relation to the zodiacal placement of the Sun on the day of a person's birth, identifying the individual's Sun sign or "star sign." This system is distinct from horoscopes as traditionally employed, as only the zodiacal placement of the Sun is considered in interpretation. While this modern usage is perhaps the most popular in the colloquial lexicon, this article will focus primarily on the traditional concept.
Construction of a Horoscope
To create a horoscope, an astrologer first has to ascertain the exact time and place of the subject's birth, or the initiation of an event. The local standard time (adjusting for any daylight savings time or war time) is then converted into Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Time at that same instant, which in turn is translated into the sidereal time at Greenwich. The astrologer will next consult a set of tables called an ephemeris, which lists the location of the sun, moon and planets for a particular year, date and sidereal time, with respect to the northern hemisphere vernal equinox or the fixed stars (depending on which astrological system is being used). The astrologer then adds or subtracts the difference between the longitude of Greenwich and the longitude of the place in question to determine the true local mean time (LMT) at the place of birth to show where planets would be visible above the horizon at the precise time and place in question. Planets hidden from view beneath the earth are also shown in the horoscope. The horoscope is then divided into 12 sectors around the circle of the ecliptic, starting from the eastern horizon where objects are just rising into view. These are called the houses and numerous systems for calculating these divisions exist. Tables of houses have been published since the 19th Century to make this otherwise demanding task easier.
The chart thus begins with a framework of 12 houses. Upon this the signs of the zodiac are superimposed. In the equal house system the cusp between any two houses will fall at the same degree for each of the signs. Thus, for a native whose ascendant is at 12° of Leo, the second house will begin at 12° of Virgo, the third at 12° Libra, and so on. In house systems that take into consideration the effects of the angle of intersection between the planes of the horizon and the ecliptic, the calculations are more complicated. For these calculations it is essential to know the latitude of the event. Tables are available for these calculations, but they are now commonly calculated by computer. Most astrology computer programs allow the user to choose from a variety of house systems.
Longitude is necessary in order to determine the position of the Ascendant because horoscopes use local time. Due to time zones, adjustments are made for the difference in one's actual longitude and the longitude of the nominal meridian associated with clock time.
Having established the relative positions of the signs in the houses, the astrologer positions the sun, moon, and planets at their rightful celestial longitudes. Some astrologers also take note of minor planetary bodies, fixed stars, asteroids (for example, Chiron) and other mathematically calculated points and angles such as the vertex, equatorial ascendant, etc. Many astrologers also use what are commonly referred to as Arabic parts (or Greek Lots), the most common of which is the Part of Fortune (Pars Fortuna).
To complete the horoscope the astrologer will consider the aspects or relative angles between pairs of planets. Certain aspects are considered more important than others. Those generally recognized by the astrological community are Conjunction (0°), Opposition (180°), Square (90°), Trine (120°), Sextile (60°), Semi-Square (45°), Sesqisquare (135°), and Quincunx (150°). Understandably these aspects are more significant when they are exact, but they are considered to function within an orb of influence, the size of which varies according to the importance of each aspect. Thus conjunctions are believed to operate with a larger orb than sextiles. Most modern astrologers use an orb of 8° or less for aspects involving the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter and smaller orbs for the other points. Some astrologers, such as practitioners of Cosmobiology, and Uranian astrology, use minor aspects (15°, 22.5°, 67.5°, 72°, 75°, 105°, 112.5°, 157.5°, 165°) with much narrower orbs.
Types of Horoscopes
More Specific Issue Reports
- Level 1:Explains the date you where born and the associated strengths and weaknesses of that date and time.
- Level 2:Explains the above as well as a 5 year report.
- Level 3:Explains the above as well as a 10 year report and a life path report for success. This report will provide you with the accomplishments available to you in this life and the benefits they will provide you with.
12 Signs of the Zodiac
- Career Reports
- Friends and Lovers Report.
- Money Matters Report.
The zodiac circle has twelve signs. The circle begins with Aries and concludes with Pisces. Each sign has traits that set it apart from the others
- Aries is energetic, innovative, original, pioneering, assertive, quick-tempered, strong drive, leader, ambitious, extroverted, sometimes aggressive, competitive, enthusiastic, self-reliant, and self-assured.
- Taurus is determined, efficient, stubborn, cautious, placid, persistent, enduring, introverted, conservative, conventional, materialistic, security conscious, stable, industrious, dependable, and one generally having significant financial ability.
- Gemini is flexible, versatile, restless, a jack-of-all-trades, lively, alert, quick-witted, literary, communicative, a good conversationalist, changeable, sociable, logical, ingenious, agile, dexterous, intellectual, and mentally ambitious.
- Cancer is introverted, reserved, emotional, sensitive, moody, sympathetic, security-conscious, prudent, retentive, domestic, maternal, protective, quiet, calm, imaginative, conscientious, and quite the traditionalist.
- Leo is ambitious, a lover of limelight, speculative, extroverted, optimistic, honorable, dignified, confident, proud, exuberant, sunny, flamboyant, charismatic, dramatic, competitive, a leader and an organizer.
- Virgo is practical, responsible, sensible, logical, analytical, highly discriminating, a careful planner, precise and punctual, dedicated, perfectionist, critical, health conscious, and somewhat introverted.
- Libra is idealistic, a peacemaker, diplomatic, refined, poised, gracious, kind, courteous, fair-minded, sociable, charming, artistically creative, affable, cooperative, extroverted, and usually somewhat indecisive.
- Scorpio is intense, determined, powerful, strong-willed, forceful, bold, courageous, enduring, competitive, resourceful, researcher, an investigator, secretive, mysterious, penetrating, psychic, self-reliant, and somewhat introverted or closed.
- Sagittarius is idealistic, optimistic, freedom-loving, casual, friendly, buoyant, gregarious, enthusiastic, philosophical, studious, farseeing, direct, outspoken, honest, loyal, restless and loves travel.
- Capricorn is ambitious (power, position, money), organizational, self-disciplined, rigid, thrifty, prudent, security-conscious, conservative, responsible, practical, persistent, political, business oriented, methodical.
- Aquarius is individualistic, unconventional, progressive, unique, independent, humanitarian, altruistic, visionary, perceptive, intellectual, logical, ingenious, inventive, unpredictable, detached, friendly, and scientific.
- Pisces is receptive, supersensitive, impressionable, peace-loving, serious, sympathetic, charitable, compassionate, artistic, creative, dreamer, dedicated, imaginative, psychic, shy, introverted, spiritual, and reclusive.
The Twelve houses of the horoscope define twelve areas of our life. The beginning of each of the houses is called it cusp.
Each house has what is called a natural ruling sign and natural ruling planets. That is the sign and planet that is associated with that house in the natural chart that begins with Aries and ends with Pisces.
The Astrodienst charts show another division of the houses. This division places the houses in groups that are on the angles, the angular (ang). Houses that follow immediately, the succedent (suc) houses, and the third in line, the cadent (cad) houses. There are four each, angular, succedent, and cadent houses. Older books taught that planets in the angular houses were somewhat stronger and planet in the cadent houses were showhow weaker in influence. Now little attention is paid to this.
- Natural Ruler: Aries
- Ruled by: Mars
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: The Ascendant. Your projected behavior, temperament, health, how you react to those around you, and appearance.
- Natural Ruler: Taurus
- Ruled by: Venus
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: The Ascendant. Your projected behavior, temperament, health, how you react to those around you, and appearance.
- Natural Ruler: Gemini
- Ruled by: Mercury
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Mental aptitudes, early childhood, everyday communication, siblings, early education.
- Natural Ruler: Cancer
- Ruled by: Moon
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Domestic affairs and conditions, the nuturing parent, home, and family life. The end of life.
- Natural Ruler: Leo
- Ruled by: Sun
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Love affairs, procreation, your children, creative expression, luck and speculation.
- Natural Ruler: Virgo
- Ruled by: Mercury
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: The work environment, the employer and employees, the routine, health issues, hygiene.
- Natural Ruler: Libra
- Ruled by: Venus
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Marriage partner, business partners, contracts, joint endeavors.
- Natural Ruler: Scorpio
- Ruled by: Pluto
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Attitude toward life/death, possessions of others, wills and legacies; sex and regeneration.
- Natural Ruler: Sagittarius
- Ruled by: Jupiter
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Religion, philosophy, publishing, higher learning, distant travel, foreign countries.
- Natural Ruler: Capricorn
- Ruled by: Saturn
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Reputation, social status, fame or the lack of it, worldly standing, the other parent.
- Natural Ruler: Aquarius
- Ruled by: Uranus
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: Friends, clubs, organizations, associations, goals, hopes, and wishes
12 Signs on the 12 House Cusps
- Natural Ruler: Pisces
- Ruled by: Neptune
- What is associated with each of the twelve houses: The subsconsicious mind, hidden resources, hidden problems, social responsibility.
The "houses of the horoscope" refers to a twelve part division that begins with the Ascendant or Rising Sign.
Although the size of each house can vary a great deal, the 360 degree circle is divided into these twelve parts. The Ascendant/Rising Sign/First House cusp is calculated to an exact degree based on the precise moment of birth.
To understand the full meaning of what your Ascendant/Rising Sign tells, you must understand that this moment of birth places an influence on each of twelve areas of the life or houses of the horoscope.
Each of the subsequent signs consists of thirty degrees, one twelfth of the circle. The circle begins with a sign of the zodiac that will be called your Ascendant, and then each of the consecutive signs usually take their turn coloring the affairs of the sequential houses. The differing size of the houses often results in the same sign appearing on the cusp of consecutive houses. This is not unusual at all, and when it occurs on one side of the chart, it must again occur on the opposite side. The signs that are excluded are said to intercepted. Some astrologers believe that the sign on the cusp and the intercepted sign are co-rulers of the house.
There are many means, which helps in making predictions or help in understanding the 'PLALITA' (foretelling the future with the help of the positions of the planet in the twelve houses of the birth chart) branch of astrology. Nakshatra (Constellation) is one of the means to understand it, because even the planets are powerful or powerless or weak due to the effects of the Nakshatras. There are 28 Nakshatras in all.
- Ashwinee:A person born in this Nakshatra is inclined towards serving others, is humble by nature, is truthful, has a contented family life.
- Bharanee:If a person is born in this Nakshatra, he is cruel, ungrateful and no sense of indebtness, achieves notoriety, fears water,is restless and wicked.
- Kritika:A person born in this Nakshatra is brilliant and radiant, a learned man, clever, possesses wealth, accomplishes seemingly impossible tasks.
- Rohinee:A person born in this Nakshatra is efficient in religious activities, earns his livelihood through agricultural occupation, is endowed with beauty, is a master-conversationalist, a genius and efficient in arts.
- Mrigashira:A person born in this Nakshatra is a sharp shooter, loved by the king and follows virtuous path.
- Aardra:A person born is this Nakshatra has a great appetite, is of restless nature and cruel.
- Punarvasu:A person born in this Nakshatra has numerous friends, is a practitioner of sacred texts and scriptures, possesses gems, jewels and ornaments etc. and is charitable.
- Pooshya:If a person is born in this Nakshatra, he has a healthy body, obeys his parents, religious, humble, fortunate and possesses wealth and vehicles etc.
- Aashlesha:A person born in 'Aashlesha Nakshatra' is a born wanderer i.e. travels unnecessarily, wicked, causes anguish to others, spends his wealth for evil purposes, and is a sensualist.If a person is born in the first part of this Nakshatra, he is impotent.If a person is born in the second part of the Aashlesha Nakshatra, he is a servant always serving others.If a person is born in the third part of the Aashlesha Nakshatra, he suffers from diseases.A person born in the fourth part of the Aashlesha Nakshatra, though fortunate, has a few years of his life cut short because of a 'GANDA' (inauspicious combination of the Nakshatras) at the end of this Nakshatra. Therefore, irrespective of the part of the Aashlesha Nakshatra in which a person is born, an effort should be made to pacify this Nakshatra by performing the required rites.
- Magha:A person born in this Nakshatra is strong-hearted, respects his father, is a learned man, intelligent and is a winner.
- Purva Phalguni:A person born in this Nakshatra is very brave, fosters many people, clever but cunning, lusty and rough.
- Uttara Phalguni:A person born in this Nakshatra is charitable, kind hearted, possesses patience, and achieves fame.
- Hasta:A person born in this Nakshatra is famous, is religious minded, respects Brahmins and learned people and possesses wealth.
- Chitra:A person born in this Nakshatra defeats his enemies gallantly, is an expert in politics and has extraordinary intelligence.
- Swati:A person born in this Nakshatra is endowed with tremendous beauty, flirts with many women, is jolly and receives wealth from the king.
- Vishakha:A person born in this Nakshatra is religious minded having inclination towards performing rites and rituals etc., is of unstable nature and unfriendly.
- Anuradha:A person born in this Nakshatra possesses lustre and splendour, achieves fame, is enthusiastic, a destroyer of his enemies, an expert in many forms of arts and a sensualist.
- Jyeshtha:If a person is born in the first part of this Nakshatra, he is full of lustre and splendour, achieves fame and greatness, is rich, brave, a hero and an excellent conversationalist.If born in the second part, he is of very cruel nature and quarelling nature.If born in the third part, he follows the evil path.Although a person born in the fourth part, has many sons, but because of the influence of the 'Ganda Nakshatra', it causes anguish and pain.Therefore it is necessary to pacify the planets by performing the required rituals and rites.
- Moola Nakshatra:Except the fourth part, the initial three parts of this Nakshatra are considered as inauspicious and a person born in these periods causes destruction to his family.If born in the first part of the Moola Nakshatra, he causes loss to his father.If born in the second part of the Moola Nakshatra, he causes loss to his mother.If born in the third part of the Moola Nakshatra, he causes loss to the family wealth.
- Shravani:A person born in this Nakshatra is well versed in the sacred texts and scriptures, has many sons and friends, and destroys his enemies.
- Dhanishtha:A person born in this Nakshatra is of excellent behaviour, practical, rich, powerful and kind hearted.
- Satbhisha:A person born in this Nakshatra is brave, clever and destroys his enemies.
- Poorva Bhadrapada:A person born in this Nakshatra has full control over his sense organs, is intelligent, an expert in all art forms, and destroys his enemies.
- Uttra Bhadrapada:A person born in this Nakshatra is rich and famous,and follows the virtuous path.
- Revati:A person born in this Nakshatra has amicable nature, controls his senses, acquires wealth by just means and possesses sharp intelligence.